Islamic Bioethics : The Art of Decision Making

In Islam, bioethical decision-making is carried out within a framework of values derived from the revelation and tradition. Islamic bioethics or Islamic medical ethics are referring to Islamic guidance on ethics and moral issues related to medical and scientific fields, especially those dealing with human, based from the Quran and Hadith.

In Islam, human is one of the most sacred creatures of God. Therefore, he/she must be appreciated, respected and well protected. Apparently, Muslim doctors have always been facing dilemmas on bioethical decision making during their practices. There are so many conflicting issues coming from multiple points of views such as discipline, legal, ethical, sharia, social, cultural and financial aspects. Muslim doctors should answer the dilemmas on each diagnosis and treatment intervention by having a good decision making as their first step.

By implementing Islamic framework on bioethical decision making, guided by sharia which includes Quran, Hadith, Ijma, and Qiyas, it is expected that this framework will be able to assist Moslem doctors to solve their dilemmas in this world and in the hereafter. A triangulation framework known as islamic bioethics consisting of triangle I and triangle II will ease Moslem doctors to have the final decision for their daily medical practices. These triangle framework will be powerfull in use if combined with Prima Facie approach and a five-digit approach.

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